Flying car is the most developed model of automobiles, which makes use of existing infrastructure designed for planes and vehicles. Upcoming technology has produced more efficient engines and lighter materials for use in manufacturing. There are higher quality fuels and more aerodynamic designs with better brakes enabling vehicles to operate safely together. It opens doors to real travel. It fits in all parking spaces, makes use of regular gasoline and is used in road traffic like other cars. It uses all airports in the worlds resembling planes. Moreover it has the ability to land and takeoff using grass strip available and paved surface few meters long (Prigg, 2014). The current car prototype is Aeromobile 3.0, incorporates significant improvements, and upgrades from initial aero mobile 2.5. It has been tested in real flight conditions.
It is manufactured using advanced composite material including its body shell, wheels, wings, and other parts. It contains avionics equipment, autopilot, and parachute deployment system. Its high technology is shown in its wings bearing a variable angle of attack, which limits take-off requirements. It has a study suspension enabling it to take off and land even in rough terrains. Flying vehicles do not require asphalt roads.
Flying cars can fly 430 miles on a tank of petrol. It fits in normal parking spaces when their wings fold down. Moreover, it takes normal fuel from service stations (Prigg, 2014). It opens real door-to-door travel. It has Rotax 912 ULS engine that makes it possible to tank in any gas station. It is well accustomed to road traffic and can take off and land in all airports in the world. Aeromobil 2.5 is a third generation prototype although aeromobil 3 has a better style and comfortable for the driver and passenger. It has qualities of both a sports car and an ultra light. Flying cars is today off-the-shelf equipment because of its GPS altimeter system and its instruments are comparable to airliners. It has increased and reliable sensors as well as automated control system that eliminate human errors while steering the flying cars (Science fiction and fantasy stack, 2016). Pilots do not require greater experience for the flying car license but only 20 hours are important compared to 16 years of learning. Flying cars have been designed with examples such as Terrafugia transition. The vehicles ran on gas and had wings that fold up neatly when driven on the ground. It is a cheaper alternative to helicopters.
Flying cars have an advantage of saving time, as people will not be trapped in traffic jams; it increases efficiency of fuel and reduces emission (Science fiction and fantasy stack, 2016). It is safer to land the car even if its engine is lost. It is easier to fly and allows persons to live many miles from their work places. The hovering technology of hovering cars reduces fossil fuels since compact fusion generator powers it. Moreover, it has extra speed from speeds of normal vehicles. It travels at 200 meters per hour on the skyways. The speed bypasses those traveled by racers, supercars, and family saloon cars. Reduced usage of roads translates to low maintenance costs of our roads and infrastructure (Science fiction and fantasy stack, 2016). Users of flying cars easily and quickly stack several roads within a short time compared to road vehicles, which use roads and end in certain directions. There are no things in the sky like trees and vehicles to crash into. Flying cars minimize the rolling drag from tires.
Economists report that control systems and efficient motors are required for stability during flights since many are unstable and are tethered with other vehicles while being tested (Oracle, 2005). Bad driving habits have fatal effects than those on the road since a mistake with the steering wheel disrupts movements of planes in three directions than on the road where only two directions are affected. Flying cars do not perform well in late-night and bad-weather conditions.
Flying cars are more expensive than medium-sized airplanes and prone to causing accidents than normal road vehicles. Failure of flying car engines initiates emergency landing, which may crash other vehicles on the road, or objects where it has landed. Flying cars have congested air spaces making them inconvenient. They have guaranteed safety with their GPS system, autopilot, and anti-collision systems. It has created more jobs. However, its take off leads to an upward thrust and a downward exhaust causing much noise to the surrounding (Oracle, 2005). Many people do not have enough skills to operate them leading to many accidents of collision with other planes. The fact that everybody can control it places it at higher risk of causing many accidents leading to deaths of many people. It is very expensive to obtain materials and build a flying car and thus costs of maintenance are expensive.
Companies such as Terrafugia, Aero mobile, Moller international and PAL-V are vying to introduce flying cars to their customers by 2017 to bring a turning point for the manufacturing industries. They aim at producing, selling, and delivering vehicles to their customers within the next few years. They have accepted deposits from almost one hundred customers. Slovakiam firm is among those finalizing with their flying cars and ready to accept deposits by 2017. PAL-V in Netherlands has taken orders and expects to begin delivering their vehicles in the spring of 2017. Vehicles must pass various tests before being introduced to the public. These include certificates in aviation, transport, and road. The requirements are aimed at ensuring that all people are safe while in the air and on the ground. Example early May an aero mobile prototype crashed in a test flight (Cable news network, 2016).Although the pilot was not harmed; the situation requires proper regulation on its usage and strict qualifications. The plans of introducing the flying vehicle are hindered by shortage of finances.
The Companies target rich people with the ability to purchase expensive and luxurious cars as well as yatchts. They are concentrating on advertising to early adopters who search new technology and excitement. Their prices range from $340,000 to $566,000 (Cable news network, 2016). Many of the vehicles will demand a runway to take off vertically or an airport. To avoid too much wind in the surrounding areas, vertiports are required.
Woollaston(2013) asserts that TF-X model that can take off vertically from its standing position. Terrafugia Company has announced a design that combines designs of a private jet with two seats, four wheels, and wings that can fold to be driven like a car. The transition vehicle has a speed of 70 miles in an hour on the road and 115 miles in the air. It uses 23-gallon tank of automotive fuel in the air and consumes 5 gallons per hour while in the air. It uses 35 miles per gallon while in the ground. It posses rear-wheel drive on the road. It comes with two air bags for passengers and full-vehicle parachute. Commercial jets fly at 35,000 feet.
TF-X takes off in vertical position because it has motorized rotors on the wings that work similar to helicopter rotors. Owners can take off from driveways, car parks and in traffic jams. A diameter of 100 feet is required to open the wings and fly nonstop for over 500 miles. It carries four people in their comfort positions. Terrafugia has obtained a request from the government to use special tires that are lighter than normal tires and glasses that would enable the car to fly easily (Association newspapers, 2016). The government has also loosened special rules, which allow transition vehicles to become a reality. Moreover, companies are freed of the requirement of installing electronic stability control, which was adding six pounds to the vehicle. Federal aviation administration has separate standards for light sport aircraft and governs the speed and sizes of the plane as well as its licensing requirements among pilots. The requirements have minimal restrictions in pilots with larger planes.
Flying cars have a larger market due to present road jams. The transition is not expensive although all cars require many capital and high costs of fuel. Many would consider it because they would opt to fly in traffic jams instead of being trapped in them. Many long distance travelers consider flying cars to save time and energy in their journeys (Association newspapers, 2016).
Flying cars face a challenge of control by drivers especially when taking off from the ground and in the air. Drivers find it difficult to pass the test and get certification. Safety plans that prevent them from falling from the sky and prevent harm on the ground are a great challenge. Technically challenges of battery efficiency and light, power plan engines, inadequate strength of fans and enough light. Flying cars must have enough light, crash proof and easy to fly. They are highly affected by gravity and thus may fall to the ground if the systems fail.
Manufacturers are faced with a challenge of monitoring the air space to reduce crashes and more chaos in the sky
Flying cars are better than vehicles since they are faster and avoids wastage of time. They have the capacity to fly vertically from a traffic although they will require a 100 meter distance to open its wings. It most beneficial to people staying in far distance from their work places since they will take less time in their air than while on road vehicles. However, they have disadvantages of high maintenance costs and high capital to buy materials and build them. They use a lot of fuel while on the air and are expensive to buy. They are faced with challenges of bad weather condition and air ways since they currently have no clear pathways. Plots and drivers must have enough expertise to pass the 20 hour drive tests and pilot exams to get certificates.
Association newspapers. (2016).Flying cars set for sale in two years. Daily mail. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2321160/Is-flying-car-FINALLY-Terrafugia-Transition-set-sale-years.html
Cable news network. (2016).Flying car companies aim for takeoff in 2017.Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/2015/05/18/luxury/flying-cars-aeromobil/
Oracle. (2005).Flying cars. Nairaland. Retrieved from http://www.nairaland.com/2945/lets-talk-flying-cars
Science fiction and fantasy stack. (2016). what is the benefit of a hover-car over a standard ground-car? Retrieved from http://scifi.stackexchange.com/questions/87336/what-is-the-benefit-of-a-hover-car-over-a-standard-ground-car
Prigg, M. (2014). Finally The flying car that really could be coming to a road (and sky) near you. Daily mail. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2784298/Finally-The-flying-car-really-coming-road-sky-near-you.html